By Gareth Byatt, Gary Hamilton, and Jeff Hodgkinson

Close your eyes and picture this. You have been set a challenge to trek through one of the great deserts of the globe, perhaps the Great Sandy Desert of Australia, the Mohave of North America, or the Sahara of Africa. As you prepare for your challenge, you calculate the distance, temperatures, walking speed, amounts of water to take and other critical factors that will undoubtedly influence and determine the success or failure of your challenge. You also begin to assess the skills required; survival skills, endurance, how to identify poisonous creatures, and the like. In your planning for this feat of endurance, you must prudently consider every detail and balance the risks and rewards associated with the items you pack for the trip. Due to the limits on the tools and rations you can select, only essential, value-added items will be taken.  Several items are sure to make it into your pack: a knife, a map, a GPS, a compass and water to name a few.

We’re not really going to trek through the desert. But what if we apply the same approach to Project Management? If we are planning to embark on the journey of the project and create successful outcomes for all involved, what essential skills or tools should we ensure are in our proverbial survival toolkit?

What comprises the essential needs for each project is the project team’s decision, using the framework /body of knowledge at your disposal to design your project’s “toolkit.”  While every project is different and has different needs, the following are the items we recommend you seriously consider packing in your PM survival Toolkit.

Project Success Plan: As we described in a previous article, Project Success Planning is an event (a meeting) to ensure all key stakeholders are aligned for the meaning of success. It’s not about the “nuts and bolts” of the project; rather, its purpose is to determine how you will work as a team.  How you hold your Project Success Plan meeting is up to you – the key is to ensure you achieve a consensus on the expectations of all key stakeholders in the project (from both the supply and demand sides).

Project Management Plan:  Just as we wouldn’t begin our trek out into the desert without a compass, every project should have a Project Management Plan. The Project Management Plan serves as the guiding rules, directions and steering for the project.

Risks Register:  Effective risk management is critical to project success. In our article, “Rescuing Troubled Projects,” we contend that ineffective risk management is one of the three primary causes that cause projects to become troubled.  The risks register serves as an active tracking mechanism for potential pitfalls or opportunities on the project, and commits people to actions that will prevent risks from turning into issues. If we were trekking through the desert, the risks register would be our guide to avoid danger, perhaps using “triggers” such as our level of water dropping to a certain amount or noting regions known to be inhabited by wild animals. As we continued our path through the desert, we would implement actions to prevent the known risks from turning into reality.

Project Plan and Schedule:  In our desert example, we would plan how many kilometers or miles we expected to cover each day and calculate the expected completion date of our trip, as well as the resources we need to complete it in good health. The same is true for any project.  When tasks are scheduled to begin, the sequence, etc., are fundamental to project management. The project plan and the accompanying detailed schedule are our road map for the project.  No project should go forward without it.

Project Budget:  It stands to reason that you need to be fully in control of your budget, using the right methodology to move from an indicative to detailed estimate, delivering against the detailed estimate, tracking and monitoring all costs and change control.

Stakeholder Analysis:  Before we set out on any adventure, we would want to know the topology of the terrain. Are there hills, valleys, rivers or areas of barren land? The answers to these questions would help us plan how we navigate the territory. Similarly, for projects we would want to know the stakeholder analysis.  Will there be negative stakeholders for whom we must plan mitigation strategies?

Communication Plan:  In our desert expedition example, you would probably pack a signaling mirror, a flare gun, or both. Your communication plan for the adventure may consist of a two-way radio with a base for safety, and the flare or mirror as a signal in case of dire emergencies. The more adventurous folks will probably go only with the mirror, as it is lightweight and can serve more than one purpose. Nonetheless, no project should be undertaken without a communication plan. Planning out the when, what, and to whom of project updates – and checking the effectiveness of these communications – will be essential to project success.

Project Management Experience and lessons learned from past projects:  One of the best pieces of advice given to the prospective adventurer is know your limitations. Another is to learn from past projects (not your own, those of others). Lacking experience surviving in harsh environments, no prudent person would attempt an adventurous trek like our desert example as their first experience. The same should hold true in project management. Project managers should build on their experiences, growing with each project they undertake and learning from others as well. There are plenty of examples of project managers embarking on very large very complex projects as their first or nearly first projects and finding success, just as there are examples of ordinary people surviving the most extraordinary situations. However, this is not always the case. At minimum, in project management, a mismatch between the experience of the project manager and the project complexity is a risk that should be realized early and actively mitigated or avoided.  

 Concluding remarks:

Just like real-life adventure survival kits, the PM survival kit you need will depend on the environment you must navigate (or survive as a PM). Granted, some projects will require more items in your travel pack than others, and others in our profession will no doubt have different views about what the critical survival kit should contain. However, what we have mentioned in this article is the barebones survival kit required for the majority of projects.  

 

                  Article Author Bios as of April 2011

 

 

 

About

The

Article

Authors,

Their Roles

Their Plans,

And Their Goals

 

 

 

 

Gareth Byatt, Gary Hamilton, and Jeff Hodgkinson are experienced PMO, program, and project managers who developed a mutual friendship by realising they shared a common passion to help others and share knowledge about PMO, portfolio, program and project management (collectively termed PM below). In February 2010 they decided to collaborate on a five (5) year goal to write 100 PM subject articles (pro bono) for publication in any/all PM subject websites, newsletters, and professional magazines / journals. They have been translated into Arabic, Czechoslovakian, French, German, Italian, Spanish, Portuguese, and Russian and published on websites in Australia, Brazil, Canada, Chile, Czech Republic, France, Germany, Hong Kong, Italy, India, Jamaica, Netherlands, New Zealand, Panama, Poland, Russia, Turkey, UK, and the USA.  Their mission is to help expand good program and project management practices by promoting the PM profession, to be a positive influence to the PM Community, be known as eminent influencers of PM practices, and in earnest hope readers can gain benefit from the advice of their 60+ years of combined experience and expertise and include the expertise of co-authors who write with them on certain articles and subjects. Gary and Jeff have all five (5) of the PMI ‘Family of Credentials’.  Along with writing articles, each also champions a role in the overall writing program collaboration process:

      Gareth manages all requests for additional guest author collaborations

      Gary manages the article development tracking and readership metrics

      Jeff manages the article distribution and new readership demographics

Each can be contacted for advice, coaching, collaboration, and speaking individually as noted in their bios or as a team at: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. is Head of the Group IT Portfolio Management Office for Lend Lease. Gareth has worked in several countries and lives in Sydney, Australia. Gareth has 15+ years of project, program, and portfolio management experience in IT and construction. He can be contacted through LinkedIn.

Gareth holds numerous degrees, certifications, and credentials in program and project management as follows: an MBA from one of the world’s leading education establishments, a 1st-class undergraduate management degree, and the PMP®, PgMP®, PMI-RMP®, & PRINCE2 professional certifications. Gareth is currently a Director of the PMI Sydney Chapter, he is the APAC Region Director for the PMI’s PMO Community of Practice and he chairs several peer networking groups.

He has presented on PMOs, portfolio and program and project management at international conferences in the UK, Australia, & Asia including PMI APAC in 2010. Email Gareth: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Gary Hamilton has 15+ years of project and program management experience in IT, finance, and human resources and volunteers as the VP of Professional Development for the PMI East Tennessee chapter. Gary is a 2009 & 2010 Presidents’ Volunteer Award recipient for his charitable work with local fire services and professional groups. He has won several internal awards for results achieved from projects and programs he managed as well as being named one of the Business Journal’s Top 40 Professionals in 2007.   Gary holds numerous degrees and certifications in IT, management, and project management and they include: an advanced MBA degree in finance, and has the PgMP®, PMP®, PMI-RMP®, PMI-SP® , CAPM®, Project+,  PRINCE2, ITIL-F, MCTS, MCITP, and SSGB professional certifications.    Email Gary: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.  or contact him through LinkedIn.

Jeff Hodgkinson is a 31 year veteran of Intel Corporation, where he continues on a progressive career as a program/project manager.  Jeff is an IT@Intel Expert and blogs on Intel’s Community for IT Professionals for Program/Project Management subjects and interests.  He is also the Intel IT PMO PMI Credential Mentor supporting colleagues in pursuit of a new credential. He is the most experienced Intel MAPP (Make A Project Plan) Day Facilitator at Intel with over 150 facilitation events to his credit.  Jeff received the 2010 PMI (Project Management Institute) Distinguished Contribution Award for his support of the Project Management profession from the Project Management Institute. Jeff was also the 2nd place finalist for the 2009 Kerzner International Project Manager of the Year Award TM.   He lives in Mesa, Arizona, USA and volunteers as the Associate Vice President for Credentials & Certifications and the Agile CER (Chapter Engagement Representative) for the Phoenix PMI Chapter.  Because of his contributions to helping people achieve their goals, he is the third (3rd) most recommended person on LinkedIn with 540+ recommendations, and is ranked in the Top 60 (currently 51st) most networked LinkedIn person. He gladly accepts all connection invite requests from PM practitioners at: www.linkedin.com/in/jeffhodgkinson. Jeff holds numerous certifications and credentials in program and project management, which are as follows: CCS, CDT, CPC™, CIPM™, CPPM–Level 10, CDRP, CSQE, IPMA-B®, ITIL-F, MPM™, PME™, PMOC, PMP®, PgMP®, PMI-RMP®, PMI-SP®, CAPM®, PMW, and SSGB (Six Sigma Green Belt).   Jeff is an expert at program and project management principles and best practices.  He enjoys sharing his experiences with audiences around the globe as a keynote speaker at various PM events.  As an ‘eminent influencer’ of good PM practices, he is collaborating with two others on a five (5) year goal to write 100 PM subject articles for publication in any/all PM subject websites, newsletters, and professional magazines / journals. Email Jeff: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. or at: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.